Danny Bennet shares his experiences of the therapeutic effects of creating and painting fantasy miniatures in the classroom.

In an Additional Support Needs (ASN) setting, we as practitioners are always looking for new approaches to engage our pupils and build developmental relationships that will help us to connect and teach the young people in our care. Over the last few months, I have been using the sci-fi and fantasy miniatures game Warhammer as a therapeutic tool to connect with my students and enable them to build relationships. 

In the game, players collect forces of miniature plastic models and use them to play out clashes on a tabletop. Unlike a board game, where players’ moves are restricted to defined areas, players freely manoeuvre their units in any direction. Before playing, however, players must first assemble and paint their army miniatures. Historically, Warhammer has been a male-dominated hobby so I am happy to report my findings in supporting sessions with a mostly all-female cohort.

Photo credit: David Rounce

Our school Closeburn House which is situated in the heart of Dumfries and Galloway, is a specialist, therapeutic educational establishment attached to a residential care unit, with facilities for both day and residential pupils. We have a good reputation for providing a high standard of education to vulnerable young people with social, emotional, and behavioural difficulties and Autistic Spectrum Disorder. We are part of Outcomes First Group, innovators in education and care, and the UK’s leading provider of children’s services.

I was mostly able to resource our sessions with kind donations from a local toy shop, United Bricks based in Castle Douglas, and from the manufacturers of Warhammer, Games Workshop who supplied us with some paints, brushes, and models through their Warhammer Alliance schools initiative.  

I hoped that an hour session a week of Warhammer building, painting, and playing would provide a relaxed therapeutic environment for the pupils to relax, de-stress and raise self-esteem by completing small manageable projects together. I hoped that pupils would work together, build relationships and mentor one another in the more relaxed setting and behaviours witnessed elsewhere in the school, like refusals, disagreements, arguing, swearing, and absconding would not manifest at the Warhammer club.

It is also worth noting that Warhammer is an accepted hobby in the skills section of the Duke of Edinburgh Award. This means pupils participating in the club can develop these skills as progress towards their award, which is both prestigious and meaningful. 

Photo credit: David Rounce

We begin each session by sitting together as a group and sharing paints, brushes, and models. The pupils talk about what they did the week before and excitedly discuss the progress they want to make that day. As their teacher I offer advice and provide some structure, however, the lessons are mostly pupil-led. Consistently the entire room feels settled, calm, and collaborative, with no outbursts, swearing, or pupils standing up and leaving the table. This prolonged type of behaviour is unlike what is usually present in the rest of the school day and the children remark that they felt considerably more settled and relaxed having spent time painting and modelling with their peers. Typically, the pupils can be unwilling to work together and are very competitive but, in this setting, something changes, and the pupils are helpful, supportive, and kind.

As the pupils focus on their work the room is mostly silent with chatting occurring mostly about the models, however at one point a conversation did organically arise between three of the female pupils around posting pictures on Facebook, the pupils discussed the implications of being unsafe online and had an incredibly mature and insightful conversation about the potential dangers of being online and even shared some personal stories to the group. With our youngest pupil in the group being 13 and the oldest 16 this was a very positive conversation that possibly would not have happened in another context. The older pupil felt comfortable enough in the setting to share knowledge as a role model for their younger peer. 

For subsequent sessions, it was decided by pupils that we should hold a painting competition and that the staff and pupils of the school would vote for a winner! 

Pupils worked hard on their models and gleefully showed them to each other and to the adults in the room. They theorised about who would win the competition and most of the pupils suggested pupils other than themselves would win. This seemed less about having low self-esteem about their own work and more about praising the work of their peers. The atmosphere in the class was positive and energetic. 

With all models painted and presented a winner was chosen! Pupils congratulated the winner with applause and all accepted the vote and were genuinely pleased for the winner who beamed with pride! 

Other adults in the school who have observed the lessons have remarked at how calm, focused and peaceful the pupils have been. During lesson time at the Warhammer club no arguments, disagreements, refusals, or absconding have taken place. It has been observed that pupils who have previously not had a good relationship were far more talkative and cooperative in the Warhammer lessons. These relationships continued more positively out in the wider school. 

Photo credit: David Rounce

All students who participated in the Warhammer lessons were polled after each session, asked for their level of stress before the activity and then after. On every occasion, pupils rated their stress and anxiety as significantly lower after the session than what it had been before. Pupils reported feeling calmer, more relaxed, and no longer feeling upset or angry about problems that had happened earlier in the day. One student commented that during the sessions they could open up and talk about things they usually couldn’t for fear of being judged. Whilst at the club they felt listened to and cared for. 

I have found leading these sessions to be an amazing opportunity to develop the relationships I have with the pupils and get to know them in a different context and setting in which we are usually based.  Pupils in my other lessons have now started to show me more respect and have opened up and trusted me with information about themselves that they have not shared with others. This has resulted in me being able to fine-tune my professional practice to better support these individuals providing higher quality education and care. 

Photo credit: David Rounce

My next steps will be to continue the club and aim to build the mastery of the students further in their building and painting. I will also start to introduce the army building aspect of the game so that the pupils can participate in the gaming aspect of the hobby. This I hope will help the children develop deeper relationships with each other and develop further coping strategies for disappointment, competition, loss, and disagreement. 

I enthusiastically recommend this hobby for use in all schools as a therapeutic tool for pupils to build relationships with one another and to gain confidence and self-esteem within an activity that develops an incredible amount of transferable skills.

Don’t wait, give it a go, the results speak for themselves! Please don’t hesitate to reach out through email, or any of my socials for advice, guidance, or further information.

Danny Bennet
Author: Danny Bennet

Danny Bennet
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Danny Bennet is the Maths, computing, and business studies teacher at Closeburn House school in Dumfries

Website: www.holisticchildcare.co.uk Twitter: @DannyJamesW92



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